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Musik på hjernen
Music and Language in the Brain
Conference at The Royal Academy of Music, Aarhus, May 26-27, 2011
Sentences, texts and music are different types of input to the brain which have in common that they all have an internal structure (a “syntax”), spanning a number of levels of abstractions, from morphemes/tones, via sentences / harmonies to narratives and musical pieces. The Music and Language in the Brain conference will therefore address the following topics, central to current mind-brain debates:
• To what extent do computations performed to process language (or music) rely on specific linguistic (or musical) processes or on general cognitive principles?
• What are the structural parallels and differences between musical input and linguistic input?
• Are there conceptual and cortical overlaps between musical input and linguistic input?
• How do theories of language, music and other structured symbol systems map onto brain architecture?
In Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available online 6 May 2011
Peter Vuust, Elvira Brattico, Enrico Glerean, Miia Seppänen, Satu Pakarinen, Mari Tervaniemi, Risto Näätänen
Abstract: Studies have consistently shown that the mismatch negativity (MMN) for different auditory features correlates with musical skills, and that this effect is more pronounced for stimuli integrated in complex musical contexts. Hence, the MMN can potentially be used for determining the development of auditory skills and musical expertise. MMN-paradigms, however, are typically very long in duration, and far from sounding musical. Therefore, we developed a novel multi-feature MMN paradigm with 6 different deviant types integrated in a complex musical context of no more than 20 minutes in duration. We found significant MMNs for all 6 deviant types. Hence, this short objective measure can putatively be used as an index for auditory and musical development.
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